TeacherServe Essays

Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association

Author: van Leeuwen, David

Marcus Garvey and his organization, the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), represent the largest mass movement in African-American history. Proclaiming a black nationalist “Back to Africa” message, Garvey and the UNIA established 700 branches in thirty-eight states by the early 1920s. Considering the strong political and economic black nationalism of Garvey’s movement, it may seem odd to include an essay on him in a Web site on religion in America. However, his philosophy and organization had a rich religious component that he blended with the political and economic aspects.

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Subjects: Political Science; History; Education Studies; African American History; Black Nationalism; Equality; Back-to-Africa Movement