Aristotle’s thinking on a variety of topics has influenced western philosophy for over two millennia. His writings on ethics, in particular—emphasizing human character and ethical psychology—continue to shape contemporary ideas about personal virtue and moral agency. Fellow Audrey Anton, however, has emphasized the importance of understanding the role that vice plays in Aristotle’s philosophy.
In this podcast, Anton presents the four types of persons identified by Aristotle based on the extent to which their knowledge and actions classify them as virtuous or vicious. Most people, she points out, are not ultimately vicious; instead, they are basically good people who lack moral knowledge or succumb to temptation.