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NHC Home TeacherServe Divining America 19th Century Essay-Related Links

Featured "Divining America" Essay:
Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America by Julie Byrne

Links to Online Resources

Catholicism in Nineteenth-Century America
Highly readable lecture from Dr. Terry Matthews for his course "Religious Life in the United States" at Wake Forest University (NC).

The Know-Nothing Party and Anti-Catholicism
A thorough review of the anti-Catholic and anti-foreign movement of the 1850s, including the full oath taken by initiates and detailing several acts of violence toward Catholics. Note: The phrase "Native American" in this piece, written in the early 1900s, means "native-born American" with the connotation of "nativist." From the online 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia Project.

The Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions
A history of the bureau founded in 1874 to promote Catholic missionary activity among Native Americans.  From the online 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia Project.

The 1844 Anti-Catholic Riots in Philadelphia
A summary with discussion questions of the three-day clash between native-born Protestants and Irish-Catholic immigrants in Philadelphia. From Teaching Tolerance, a project of the Southern Poverty Law Center.

Return to 19th-Century Links to Online Resources
Return to "Divining America" essay, Roman Catholics and Immigration

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Revised: February 2006