NHC Home TeacherServe Divining America 19th Century Essay:
African American Christianity, Pt. II: From the Civil War to the Great Migration, 1865-1920
by Laurie Maffly-Kipp, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
©National Humanities Center

Works Cited

Harvey, Paul. Redeeming the South: Religious Cultures and Racial Identities among Southern Baptists, 1865-1925. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks. Righteous Discontent: The Women's Movement in the Black Baptist Church, 1880-1920. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Hildebrand, Reginald F. The Times Were Strange and Stirring: Methodist Preachers and the Crisis of Emancipation. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.

Lemann, Nicholas. The Promised Land: The Great Black Migration and How It Changed America. New York: Knopf, 1991.

Montgomery, William E. Under Their Own Vine and Fig Tree: The African-American Church in the South, 1865-1900. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1993.

Sanders, Cheryl J. Saints in Exile: The Holiness-Pentecostal Experience in African American Religion and Culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Sernett, Milton C. Bound for the Promised Land: African American Religion and the Great Migration. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997.

Synan, Vinson. The Holiness-Pentecostal Tradition: Charismatic Movements in the Twentieth Century. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1997. [First published in 1971 as The Holiness-Pentecostal Movement in the United States]

Wacker, Grant. Heaven Below: Early Pentecostals and American Culture. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Washington, James M. Frustrated Fellowship: The Black Baptist Quest for Social Power. Macon, GA: Mercer, 1986.

Weisenfeld, Judith and Richard Newman, eds. This Far by Faith: Readings in African-American Women's Religious Biography. New York: Routledge, 1996.

» See also Primary Sources
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