Links to Online Resources
Catholicism in Nineteenth-Century America
Highly readable lecture from Dr. Terry Matthews for his course "Religious
Life in the United States" at Wake Forest University (NC).
The Know-Nothing Party and Anti-Catholicism
A thorough review of the anti-Catholic and anti-foreign movement of
the 1850s, including the full oath taken by initiates and detailing several
acts of violence toward Catholics. Note: The phrase "Native American"
in this piece, written in the early 1900s, means "native-born American"
with the connotation of "nativist." From the online 1913 Catholic
The Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions
A history of the bureau founded in 1874 to promote Catholic missionary
activity among Native Americans. From the online 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia Project.
The 1844 Anti-Catholic Riots in Philadelphia
A summary with discussion questions of the three-day clash between
native-born Protestants and Irish-Catholic immigrants in Philadelphia. From Teaching Tolerance, a project of the Southern Poverty Law Center.
Return to 19th-Century Links to Online Resources
Return to "Divining America" essay, Roman Catholics and Immigration
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Revised: February 2006