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Toolbox Library, primary resources thematically organized with notes and discussion questionsOnline Seminars, professional development seminars for history and literature teachersThe Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
The Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
Topic: MemoryTopic: ProgressTopic: PeopleTopic: PowerTopic: Empire
Topic: Progress: The Meaning of the Machine
Toolbox Overview: The Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
Resource Menu: Progress
Text 1. Memory and Machines
Text 2. Brooklyn Bridge
Text 3. Human Machines
Text 4. Christine Frederick
Text 5. Thomas Eakins
Text 6. Thomas Edison
Text 7. Wealth and Weightlessness
•  Reading Guide
» Link

Text 8. Southern Statis
Text 9. The 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago

RESOURCE MENU Reading Guide » Link

Link Page
7.  Wealth and Weightlessness
- Andrew Carnegie, The Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie, 1920, excerpts (PDF)
- Mark Twain and Charles Dudley Warner, The Gilded Age, novel, 1873, Ch. 7-8

     Andrew Carnegie
Carnegie, 1913
PrintingLength: 15 pages total

Online Sources Autobiography: National Humanities Center
The Gilded Age:


Andrew Carnegie, biography and links from wikipedia

Andrew Carnegie, biography from PBS/WGBH

Andrew Carnegie, chronology from PBS/WGBH

Autobiography of Andrew Carnegie, full text from

Mark Twain, biography from the Mark Twain House, Hartford, Connecticut

Mark Twain, biography from PBS/WETA

Mark Twain, chronology from PBS

Mark Twain, online resources from American Authors (Gonzaga University)

Mark Twain in His Times, from the Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library

Charles Dudley Warner, brief biography from infoplease

Charles Dudley Warner, overview and links from American Authors (Gonzaga University)

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Toolbox: The Gilded and the Gritty: America, 1870-1912
Memory | Progress | People | Power | Empire

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Toolbox Library: Primary Resources in U.S. History and Literature
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Revised: May 2005