NHC Home TeacherServe Nature Transformed Wilderness Essay:

The Puritan Origins of the American Wilderness Movement
J. Baird Callicott, University of North Texas
Priscilla Solis Ybarra, Rice University
©National Humanities Center


Works Cited and Further Reading

Callicott, J. Baird, and Michael P. Nelson. The Great New Wilderness Debate. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1999.

Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill and Wang, 1983.

Merchant, Carolyn. Ecological Revolutions: Nature, Gender, and Science in New England. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.

Miller, Perry. Errand into the Wilderness. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1956, 1984.

Nash, Roderick. Wilderness and the American Mind. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967, 1973, 1982.

Oelschlaeger, Max. The Idea of Wilderness: From Prehistory to the Age of Ecology. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991.


Puritan Works (see online resources for full text or excerpts)

Bradford, William (1588-1657). Of Plimouth Plantation, 1620-1647. Boston: Little, Brown, 1856.

Mather, Cotton (1663-1728). Decennium Luctuosum: An History of Remarkable Occurrences in the Long War Which New-England Hath Had with the Indian Salvages. Boston, 1699.

Morton, Thomas (1575-1646). New English Canaan. Amsterdam: J. F. Stam, 1637.

Wigglesworth, Michael (1631-1705). "God's Controversy with New England," in The Day of Doom; or, a Poetical Description of the Great and Last Judgment. 1662.


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