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Related to "Native Americans and the Land" Essay:
 The Effects of Removal on American Indian Tribes by Clara Sue Kidwell


OFFICIAL WEBSITES OF THE FIVE TRIBES
Cherokee Seal

Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
http://www.cherokee-nc.com/index.htm

The Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
http://www.cherokee.org/
History at http://www.cherokee.org/Culture/History.asp
Online Archives at http://www.cherokeearchive.com/

Chickasaw Seal

The Chickasaw Nation, Oklahoma
http://www.chickasaw.net/

Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians Seal
Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians
http://www.choctaw.org/
History at http://www.choctaw.org/aboutMBCI/history/index.html

Chocktaw Seal

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
http://www.choctawnation.com/
History at http://www.choctawnation.com/history/

Creek Seal

Muskogee (Creek) Nation
http://www.muscogeenation-nsn.gov/

Seminole Seal The Seminole Tribe of Florida
http://www.seminoletribe.com/
History at http://www.seminoletribe.com/history/index.shtml

Seminole Nation, Oklahoma
http://www.cowboy.net/native/seminole/index.html
History at http://www.cowboy.net/native/seminole/historic.html


BIBLIOGRAPHIES
Southeast Indians (including sources of traditional stories of the five tribes)
http://nmnhwww.si.edu/anthro/outreach/Indbibl/bibSE.html
Annotated bibliography (K-12 resources) from the Anthropology Outreach Office, Smithsonian Institution.

Native Americans of the Southeast
http://www.library.appstate.edu/appcoll/research_aids/native_americans.html
Annotated bibliography including books, journal articles, dissertations, videos, sound recordings, and more; from Appalachian State University Libraries.

American Ethnic Geography: American Indians
http://www.valpo.edu/geomet/geo/courses/geo200/bib2.html
Section in the bibliography (unannotated) presented by Prof. Jon T. Kilpinen, Dept. of Geography, Valparaiso University.

Indians of the Southeast: Juvenile and Professional Books
http://falcon.jmu.edu/~ramseyil/indseast.htm
Bibliography with brief annotations from the Internet School Library Media Center (site administrator: Inez Ramsey, Professor Emeritus, Library Science Program, James Madison University).

Cherokee and Southeastern Indians
http://www.si.edu/resource/faq/nmai/cherokee.htm
Annotated bibliography from the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution.

Cherokee General Studies
http://www.uwf.edu/english/Panther-Yates/bibsts.htm?
ti2Xdw=www.uwf.edu/%7Eenglish/%20Panther-Yates/bibsts.htm

Annotated bibliography from Prof. Donald N. Panther-Yates, Dept. of English and Foreign Languages, University of West Florida.

A Creek Indian Bibliography
http://www.rhus.com/Creeks.html
Prepared independently by reference librarian Anne Gometz.

Indian Removal Era
http://www.alabamamoments.state.al.us/sec08.html
Annotated bibliography from the Alabama Dept. of Archives and History.

Indian Removal
http://www.trailsoftears.org/frame-links.htm
Click "Recommended Reading" for an annotated bibliography from the Trail of Tears Monumental Painting Project.

PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTS
Ecological Subregions of the United States
http://www.fs.fed.us/land/
ecosysmgmt/ecoreg1_home.html

Valuable if not essential resource for comparing the physical environments of the five tribes before and after Removal, with ecological descriptions and photographs of each region.
U.S. Forest Service

From the url above, scroll to the bottom of the page to access the Ecosystem Provinces map (above) with active links to the region descriptions—which are also accessible via the essay; see
     --Before Removal
essays/irecoregion1.htm
--After Removal
essays/irecoregion2.htm

More detailed descriptions based on the U.S. Forest Service map, including land use, cultural ecology, geomorphology, vegetation, and fauna are available at
http://www.fs.fed.us/land/pubs/ecoregions/ecoregions.html

Terrestrial Ecoregions of North America (Nearctic)
http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/
Detailed ecological descriptions, with color photographs, emphasizing ecological and conservation issues. From the world-map page (url above), choose "Nearctic" to access the North America regions index. For example, see
     --Appalachian-Blue Ridge Forests
http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/na/na0403_full.html
--Southeastern Mixed Forests
http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/na/na0413_full.html
--Ozark Mountain Forests
http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/na/na0412_full.html
--Central Forest-Grassland Transition
http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/na/na0804_full.html
--Central and Southern Mixed Grasslands
http://www.worldwildlife.org/wildworld/profiles/terrestrial/na/na0803_full.html

Region titles and boundaries differ from the U.S. Forest Service map above. From the World Wildlife Fund and National Geographic; also available with a more sophisticated but unwieldy interactive map at the National Geographic site at http://www.nationalgeographic.org/wildworld/terrestrial.html

Geologic Provinces of the United States
http://www.aqd.nps.gov/grd/
usgsnps/province/province.html
(with map at right)
Another factor in comparing the tribal regions before and after Removal; from the U.S. Geological Survey and National Park Service.

     Before Removal: East of the Mississippi
     --Atlantic Plain Province (1)
http://www.aqd.nps.gov/grd/usgsnps/
province/atlantpl.html

Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole before Removal.
--Appalachian Highland (2)
http://www.aqd.nps.gov/grd/usgsnps/
province/appalach.html

Cherokee and Chickasaw before Removal.

After Removal: West of the Mississippi in Indian Territory
     --Ouachita-Ozark Interior Highlands (3)
http://www.aqd.nps.gov/grd/usgsnps/
province/inthigh.html

Eastern Oklahoma: Cherokee (Ozark) and Choctaw (Ouachita) tribal regions.
--Interior Plains (4)
http://www.aqd.nps.gov/grd/usgsnps/
province/intplain.html

East central Oklahoma: Creek, Chickasaw, and Seminole regions.
USGS/NPS
Geologic Provinces of the U.S.
Geologic Provinces of the U.S. (numbers added by TeacherServe)

Ecoregions of Oklahoma
http://www.wildlifedepartment.com/ecoregio.htm
Map and brief descriptive list from the Oklahoma Dept. of Wildlife Conservation.

American Indians: Culture Regions
http://www.american-indians.net/cultures.htm
Map and brief description of twelve cultural divisions of Native Americans in North and Middle America; from the website American-Indians.net.

THE U.S. GENWEB PROJECT (Rootsweb): genealogical site with state-based "genwebs" that contain historical overviews, research links, and, not to be overlooked, county and family histories.
Oklahoma GenWeb
http://www.rootsweb.com/~okgenweb/

Twin Territories: Oklahoma Territory/Indian Territory
http://www.rootsweb.com/~itgenweb/index.htm

The Cherokee Nation of Indian Territory
http://www.rootsweb.com/~itcherok/

Cherokee Archival Project
http://www.rootsweb.com/~cherokee/

Cherokee and Chickasaw in Northwest Alabama
http://www.rootsweb.com/~alcolber/history-alcol.htm

Cherokee, Choctaw, and Creek in Mississippi
http://www.rootsweb.com/~msswterr/natribes.htm

The Chickasaw in Northeast Mississippi
http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~robfra/history.html

Chickasaw Cessions in Tennessee
http://www.tngenweb.org/tnfirst/chicksaw/

Chickasaw Nation, Indian Territory
http://www.rootsweb.com/~itchicka/

Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory
http://www.rootsweb.com/~itchocta/

Choctaw and American Indian Research Links
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~treetop/links.htm

Creek Nation, Indian Territory
http://www.rootsweb.com/~itcreek/

Among the Creeks
http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~cmamcrk4/

The Seminole in Florida
http://www.rootsweb.com/~flgenweb/links/tribes.html

Seminole Nation, Indian Territory (originally on RootsWeb)
http://www.seminolenation-indianterritory.org/

THE FIVE TRIBES BEFORE REMOVAL, including legends; also see the official tribal sites and USGenWeb sites, above.
Native People of North America: Southeast Culture Area
http://www.cabrillo.cc.ca.us/~crsmith/noamer_soeast.html
Overview of history, language, settlements, agricultural and hunting patterns, political and social organization, religion, and more from Chuck Smith, Dept. of Anthropology, Cabrillo College (CA).

The "Five Civilized Tribes"
http://www.nps.gov/ocmu/Tribes.htm
Brief overviews from the Ocmulgee National Monument (Georgia), National Park Service.

Cherokee Archaeology in North Carolina
http://www.arch.dcr.state.nc.us/cherokee.htm
Brief overview of Cherokee villages and life in the Appalachians; from the North Carolina Division of Archives and History.

Cherokee and Creek in North Georgia
http://ngeorgia.com/history/
Historical overviews from the site About North Georgia.

Cherokee and Chickasaw in Tennessee
http://www.cris.com/~Wissner/INDIANS.htm#indians
Article by Michael White, presented on the website Historic East Nashville.

History of the Cherokee
http://cherokeehistory.com/index.html
On the personal website of Ken Martin, a Cherokee.

Cherokee Women's Resistance to Agrarian Capitalism
http://www.law-lib.utoronto.ca/Diana/fulltext/duna.htm
Academic paper, "Rethinking Cherokee Acculturation: Agrarian Capitalism and Women's Resistance to the Cult of Domesticity, 1800-1838," by Prof. Wilma A. Dunaway, Department of Sociology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 21 American Indian Culture and Research Journal 155.

The Chickasaw People
http://www.utm.edu/departments/acadpro/library/departments/
special_collections/wc_hist/chksaw.htm

Article from A Concise Dictionary of Indian Tribes of North America (1979), on the site of the University of Tennessee at Martin Libraries.

Chickasaw Documents (before and after Removal)
http://www.flash.net/~kma/
Collection of letters, treaties, and other primary materials compiled by K. M. Armstrong, a Chickasaw, on his personal website.

Choctaw History, Villages, Legends, etc.
http://mike-boucher.com/wordpress/?page_id=43
Extensive and useful collection of resource materials compiled by Michael Boucher, a Choctaw.

Choctaw History
http://www.ajourneypast.com/choctawhistory.html
List of web resources compiled by Kathleen Manley Nystrom for her family history website.

Choctaw and the Market Economy
http://mshistory.k12.ms.us/features/feature14/choctaw_removal.html
Article "Mushulatubbee and Choctaw Removal: Chiefs Confront a Changing World," by Greg O'Brien, Dept. of History, University of Southern Mississippi, in Mississippi History Now online.

Creek Indians (Muscogee) of Alabama and Georgia
http://jrshelby.com/creek/index.htm
Rich resource of annotated weblinks, including maps.

Creek in Alabama: Their Towns and Traditions
http://www.alabamamoments.state.al.us/sec01qs.html
Brief intro from the Alabama Dept. of Archives and History.

The Creek Indians in Alabama
http://www.texasindians.com/albam.htm
Includes discussion of environmental factors in the Creek culture; from the web site TexasIndians.com.

The Creek in Alabama, early 1800s
http://www.knology.net/~jupchurch/woodward/
Online text of Reminiscences of the Creek, or Muscogee Indians, contained in letters to friends in Georgia and Alabama, by Thomas S. Woodward, 1859; on the personal website of Jim Upchurch.

Creek Indian Towns in Southwest Georgia (1790s)
http://members.surfsouth.com/~nifa/index2.html
Overview from the National Indian Festival Association (on a personal website).

Creek Indian FAQ
http://www.creekindian.com/greene/creek_FAQ.htm
Helpful Q&As from a personal site on Creek history.

Indians and the Southern Fur Trade
http://members.aol.com/wadunaway/furtrade.htm
Academic publication, "The Southern Fur Trade and the Incorporation of Southern Appalachia into the World-Economy, 1690-1763," 1994, by Prof. Wilma A. Dunaway, Department of Sociology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

INDIAN REMOVAL: BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARIES
To access more online resources on Indian Removal, conduct web searches with key phrases "Indian Removal," "Trail of Tears," "Indian Territory, Oklahoma" and individual tribal names (with "Nation," as in "Choctaw Nation").
Indian Removal
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2959.html
From the PBS site "Africans in America."

The Cherokee Removal and the Trail of Tears (with map)
http://rosecity.net/tears/
On the site of Cape Girardeau, Missouri.

The Choctaw and Removal
http://www.museumoftheredriver.org/choctaw.html
From the Museum of the Red River, Idabel, Oklahoma.

The Removal Act of 1830
http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/removal.htm
From Mt. Holyoke College.

THE "FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES" IN INDIAN TERRITORY AFTER REMOVAL
Note: There are limited online resources about the environmental, agricultural, and economic history of the five tribes, as a whole, after their settlement in Indian Territory. One rich source of anecdotal information is the Oklahoma county histories and genealogical resources at OKGenWeb (http://www.rootsweb.com/~okgenweb/) and the county listing by tribe at http://www.rootsweb.com/~okgenweb/okprojects/). Other resources are listed below.
The Fur Trade in the Indian Territory
http://www.trekkingsquirrel.com/furtrade/index.htm
Based on research from the Oklahoma Historical Society.

Farming in Indian Territory
http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/agexed/aee501/indians.html
Brief discussion in "Agriculture, Indians, and American History," by Thomas Wessel, Agricultural History, Jan. 1976; on the site of the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, North Carolina State University.

The Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory
http://www.duke.edu/~awd/native-am/list.html
Collection of primary sources and background materials prepared in a class project in collaboration with the Digital Scriptorium, Special Collections Library, Duke University.

Choctaw Timberland in Indian Territory
http://www.tc.umn.edu/~mboucher/mikebouchweb/choctaw/ctimber.htm
Article "Tribal land to private land: A century of Oklahoma Choctaw Timberland Alienation," by Sandra L. Faiman-Silva, Journal of Forest History, October 1988; on the personal site of Choctaw Michael Boucher.

Texas Band of Choctaw Indians
http://www.chahta.org/thompsonchoctawphoto.htm
Includes resource-rich family histories of Choctaws who settled in east Texas before and after Removal of the 1830s.

The Chickasaw People
http://www.utm.edu/departments/acadpro/library/departments/
special_collections/wc_hist/chksaw.htm

Brief section on the Chickasaw agriculture and business after Removal; from the University of Tennessee, Martin, Library.

Timeline: Central Oklahoma region, 1782-1889
http://www.rootsweb.com/~itunassi/timeline.html
Timeline with several events relating to the five tribes after removal; entitled "The Unassigned Lands of Oklahoma Territory" (six counties in central Oklahoma).

The Five Tribes before the Civil War
http://members.cox.net/teewood/SegerCol/QuoIndCountry.htmll
First section of this excerpt from "The Indian Country," The Century Magazine, August 1885; on the family website of the Yearwoods, Edmond, Oklahoma.

The Civil War in Indian Territory
http://www.rootsweb.com/~itcivwar/civilind.htm
Clear overview with bibliography; by Ann Maloney on Rootsweb.

The Civil War Comes to Indian Territory
http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/68honey/68honey.htm
Maps, documents, and photographs in this teaching lesson from the National Park Service (Honey Springs Battlefield, Oklahoma).

Freedmen of Indian Territory
http://www.african-nativeamerican.com/
On the former slaves and free persons of color in the "Five Civilized Tribes," from the African-Native American History & Genealogy Web Page.

Primary documents from the site Making of America (Cornell University):
     --Theodora R. Jenness, "The Indian Territory," The Atlantic Monthly, April 1879.
http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=ABK2934-0043-102
--W. D. Crawford, "Oklahoma and the Indian Territory," The New England Magazine, June 1890.
http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=AFJ3026-0008-73
--Senator Orville H. Platt, "Problems in the Indian Territory," The North American Review, February 1895.
http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=ABQ7578-0160-22

Native American Manuscript Resources, University of Oklahoma Libraries
http://libraries.ou.edu/depts/westhistory/namr.htm
Use menu to select tribal manuscript collection guides (not digitized), which provide organizational structures for researching the five tribes.

MAPS
Native American Tribes, Culture Areas, and Linguistic Stocks (zoom-able map)
http://www.ilt.columbia.edu/k12/naha/maps/nausa.html
From the Smithsonian Institution, 1967, on the site of the Native American History Archive from Teachers College, Columbia University.

Cherokee Lands
http://pages.tca.net/martikw/map1.html
Series of maps depicting the progressive loss of Cherokee land before Removal; on the personal site of Ken Martin, a Cherokee.

Georgia, 1748
http://www.libs.uga.edu/darchive/hargrett/maps/1748b6.jpg
Entitled "A New Map of Georgia," with tribal lands identified; from the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries; home page of Map Collection at http://www.libs.uga.edu/darchive/hargrett/maps/maps.html.

Mississippi and Alabama, 1814
http://www.libs.uga.edu/darchive/hargrett/maps/1814m5.jpg
Entitled "Mississippi Territory," with tribal lands identified; from the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries.

Alabama, 1818
http://members.aol.com/JORDANJM2/1818AL.html
Map "according to John Melish," with tribal land boundaries; page from a publication of the Alabama Dept. of Archives and History, placed on a geneological site for Washington County, Alabama.

Map of the Country Belonging to the Creek and Cherokee Indians, 1815
http://www.libs.uga.edu/darchive/hargrett/maps/1815m4.jpg
From the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries.

Cherokee in Georgia, 1831
http://www.libs.uga.edu/darchive/hargrett/maps/1831b4.jpg
Entitled "A Map of that Part of Georgia Occupied by the Cherokee Indians,1831," from the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries.

Map of the Former Territorial Limits of the Cherokee Nation, 1884
Black and white map, from the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries.
http://www.libs.uga.edu/darchive/hargrett/maps/1884r6.jpg

Indian Territory, 1884
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/ok_indian_territory_1884.jpg
Detailed map from Hardesty's Historical and Geographical Encyclopedia,1884; from the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas at Austin.

Indian Land Sessions in the United States [by state], 1884
http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/gmd:@field%28TITLE
+@od1%28Indian+%20land+cessions+in+the+United+States+%29%29

At this page, which presents the Alabama map, click "To see all pages [state maps], click on the image [of the Alabama map]. Proceed to Alabama (northern portion), Florida, Georgia, Indian Territory (1-3), Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee and Bordering States, Tennessee (detail), Tennessee and Alabama (portions of); from the Library of Congress.
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/ok_indian_territory_1884.jpg

The Trail of Tears: Map
http://mcclungmuseum.utk.edu/specex/cherokee/ch-map.jpg
From the McClung Museum, University of Tennessee, courtesy of the National Geographic Society.

The Trail of Tears: Interactive Map
http://http://www.cherokeemuseum.com/HTML/collections_tot.html
From the Museum of the Cherokee Indian, North Carolina.

The Trail of Tears: Animated Map
http://www.trailsoftears.org/frame-tot.htm
From the Trail of Tears Monumental Painting Project.

Oklahoma and Indian Territory maps
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/gmdhome.html
At this home page of the Library of Congress online collection "Map Collections, 1500-1999," conduct a subject search for "Indian Territory" to access six maps from the late 1800s.

Oklahoma and Indian Territory maps
http://www.rootsweb.com/~okgenweb/maps/maps.htm
From OKGenWeb (The U.S. Gen Web Project).

Tribal Regions in Indian Territory
http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/68honey/68locate1.htm
From the National Park Service.

Oklahoma
http://www.rootsweb.com/~okgenweb/maps/okmap.htm
With former Indian nation boundaries and present county boundaries, from OKGenWeb.

Oklahoma
http://www.rootsweb.com/~okgenweb/okprojects/
More historical and current maps from OKGen Web.

Oklahoma
http://fermi.jhuapl.edu/states/ok_0.html
Shaded relief maps from the online Color Landform Atlas of the United States (Ray Sterner, Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory).

LEGENDS, FOLKLORE, CEREMONIES (for illustrating how Native Americans explained the form of their environment, as suggested by Prof. Kidwell)
American Indian Traditional Stories and Mythology
http://www.nmnh.si.edu/anthro/outreach/mytholog.htm
Bibliography from the Anthropology Outreach Office, Smithsonian Institution.

Native American Mythology
http://www.pantheon.org/areas/mythology/americas/native_american/articles.html
Hundreds of summaries of American Indian legends, from the online Encyclopedia Mythica (Native American mythology advisor: Prof. Gerald Musinsky, Temple University).

CAPTIVITY NARRATIVES and BIOGRAPHIES of TRIBAL CHIEFS (for understanding the perceptions of colonists and Native Americans toward each other during and after the Revolutionary Era, as suggested by Prof. Kidwell)
An account of the captivity of Elizabeth Hanson, now or late of Kachecky, in New-England: who, with four of her children and servant-maid, was taken captive by the Indians, and carried into Canada: setting forth the various remarkable occurrences, sore trials, and wonderful deliverances which befel them after their departure, to the time of their redemption, by Elizabeth Hanson and Samuel Bownas, 1760. From Early Canadiana Online.
http://www.canadiana.org/cgi-bin/ECO/mtq?doc=45560

A narrative of the captivity and sufferings of Benjamin Gilbert and his family: who were surprised by the Indians and taken from their farms on the frontiers of Pennsylvania in the spring, by Benjamin Gilbert, 1780. From Early Canadiana Online.
http://www.canadiana.org/cgi-bin/ECO/mtq?doc=58602

Memoirs of a captivity among the Indians of North America, from childhood to the age of nineteen: with anecdotes descriptive of their manners and customs. To which is added, some account of the soil, climate, and vegetable productions of the territory westward of the Mississippi, by John Dunn Hunter, 3d ed., 1824. From the site Voices of 19th-Century America from Dr. Pat Pfleiger, Dept. of English, West Chester University of Pennsylvania.
http://merrycoz.org/adults.htm#hunter (scroll down to introductory material with links to the text)

A narrative of the captivity of Mrs. Johnson: containing an account of her sufferings, during four years, with the Indians and French, by Susanna Willard Johnson Hastings, 1827. From Early Canadiana Online (1875 edition also available at the site).
http://www.canadiana.org/cgi-bin/ECO/mtq?doc=41351

Nine years a captive, or, John Gyles' experience among the Malicite Indians, from 1689 to 1698, by John Gyles and James Hannay, 1875. From Early Canadiana Online.
http://www.canadiana.org/cgi-bin/ECO/mtq?doc=24033

Life of Tecumseh, and of his brother the prophet: with a historical sketch of the Shawanoe Indians, by Benjamin Drake, 1841. From Early Canadiana Online.
http://www.canadiana.org/cgi-bin/ECO/mtq?doc=50821

Addresses by Tribal Chiefs Tecumseh and John Ross
http://members.aol.com/circofire/famous.htm
Delivered to the Choctaw and Cherokee tribes before Removal; on the site First American Forefathers created by Tacha Hanhepi Wi ("Moon Deer").

NATIVE AMERICAN HERBAL MEDICINE
Native American Healing and Medicine: Bibliography
http://www.nmnh.si.edu/anthro/outreach/medicine.htm
List with brief annotations from the Anthropology Outreach Office, Smithsonian Institution.

Traditional Indian Medicine: Bibliography
http://www.aaip.com/tradmed/tradmedbib.html
List of published resources from the Association of American Indian Physicians.

Native American Ethnobotany Database: Foods, Drugs, Dyes, and Fibers of Native North American Peoples
http://www.umd.umich.edu/cgi-bin/herb/
Searchable database from Dan Moerman, Professor of Anthropology, University of Michigan, Dearborn.

Medicinal Plants of the Southern Appalachians
http://www.library.appstate.edu/appcoll/research_aids/plants.html
Research guide from the Appalachian State University Libraries.

Native American Herbal Medicines
http://www.powersource.com/cherokee/herbal.html
From the Cherokee Cultural Society of Houston.

Choctaw Medicine
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~oxford/chocmed.htm
Excerpts from six historical sources, on a family genealogical website.

WEB RESOURCES FOR GENERAL NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES
Native American Studies: Web Resources (from AcademicInfo.net)
http://www.academicinfo.net/nativeam.html

Native American Resources (from Digital Librarian )
http://www.digital-librarian.com/nativeamericans.html

Native Web: Resources for Indigenous Cultures around the World
http://www.nativeweb.org/

Native American History and Culture (from the Smithsonian Institution)
http://www.si.edu/resource/faq/nmai/start.htm

Recommended Books for Children on Native American Subjects (from the Smithsonian Institution)
http://www.si.edu/resource/faq/nmai/nachild.htm

National Museum of the American Indian (Smithsonian Institution)
http://www.nmai.si.edu/

Native American Navigator
http://www.ilt.columbia.edu/k12/naha/nanav.html
K-12 web materials compiled by the Native American History Archive, Teachers College, Columbia University.






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