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Toolbox Library, primary resources thematically organized with notes and discussion questionsOnline Seminars, professional development seminars for history and literature teachersThe Making of African American Identity: Volume III, 1917-1968
The Making of African American Identity: Volume III, 1917-1968
Theme: SegregationTheme: MigrationsTheme: ProtestTheme: CommunityTheme: Overcome?
Segregation Menu

SEGREGATION





Framing Questions
  •  What constitutes segregation?
  •  How did African Americans experience it?
  •  What is the difference between segregation and separation?
  •  What are the consequences of segregation? Separation?
Colored Waiting Room, Rome, Georgia, September 1943
 



1.  Segregation–Separation» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- William Pickens, "Racial Segregation," essay, Opportunity, December 1927
- Marcus Garvey, "Aims and Objectives of the Movement for a Solution of the Negro Problem," 1923
- David Van Leeuwen, "Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association," in Divining America: Religion in American History on TeacherServe® from the National Humanities Center

2.  Lynching and Segregation» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Jessie P. Guzman & W. Hardin Hughes, "Lynching-Crime," article, Negro Year Book: A Review of Events Affecting Negro Life, 1944-1946, 1947
- Walter White, "I Investigate Lynchings," article, American Mercury, January 1929

3.  Antilynching Dramas» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Georgia Douglas Johnson, Sunday Morning in the South, one-act play, ca. 1925
- Georgia Douglas Johnson, Blue-Eyed Black Boy, one-act play, ca. 1930

4.  Life Under Segregation» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- A Negro Nurse, "More Slavery at the South," essay, Independent, 25 January 1912
- Richard Wright, "The Ethics of Living Jim Crow: An Autobiographical Sketch," essay, Federal Writers' Project, 1937
- Robert Gwathmey, Poll Tax Country, oil on canvas, 1945

5.  The Black Psyche» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Elizabeth Catlett, The Negro Woman, linoleum cut series, 1946-1947, four images

6.  Passing» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Nella Larsen, Passing, novel, 1929, Ch. 3, excerpts

7.  Desegregation—Integration» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- James Farmer, "Integration or Desegregation," Ch. 5 of Freedom—When?, 1965, excerpt

8.  Separation and Power» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Stokely Carmichael, "Toward Black Liberation," essay, The Massachusetts Review, Autumn 1966

9.  The Ambiguity of Integration» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Norman Rockwell, The Problem We All Live With, oil on canvas, 1964
- Ruby Bridges integrating Frantz Elementary School, New Orleans, escorted by federal marshals, photograph, 1960



Image: "Colored waiting room," sign at Greyhound bus station, Rome, Georgia, September 1943. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division.



SEGREGATION
1. Segregation–Separation   2. Lynching & Segregation   3. Antilynching Dramas
4. Life Under Segregation   5. The Black Psyche   6. Passing
  7. De-segregation–Integration   8. Separation & Power   9. Ambiguity of Integration








TOOLBOX: The Making of African American Identity: Volume III, 1917-1968
Segregation | Migrations | Protest | Community | Overcome?


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