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Toolbox Library, primary resources thematically organized with notes and discussion questionsOnline Seminars, professional development seminars for history and literature teachersBecoming American: The British Atlantic Colonies, 1690-1763
Becoming American: The British Atlantic Colonies, 1690-1763
Theme: GrowthTheme: PeoplesTheme: EconomiesTheme: IdeasTheme: American
Theme: Growth






GROWTH




Framing Questions
  •  What factors fostered or hindered the growth of the British Atlantic colonies (that later became the United States of America) from 1690 to 1763?
  •  How did the European colonists respond to the growing diversity among them—by religion, ethnicity, economic status, and country of origin?
  •  How did the colonies’ growth affect Native Americans and enslaved Africans?
  •  How were the inhabitants’ concepts of liberty and rights affected by the colonies’ growth?
  •  List the power relationships that influenced the colonies in this period, e.g., between the colonies and England, the colonies and the French and Spanish on their borders, the settlers and the Native Americans, the clergy and their congregants, the southern planters and their servants and slaves, etc. How did the totality of these power relationships affect the colonies’ growth and self-perception?


1.  The Colonies: 1690-1715» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Massachusetts: Pamphlet debate between colonists and the governor, 1707-08
- Connecticut: Journal of a woman traveler, 1704
- New York: Report of an English chaplain, 1695
- Pennsylvania: Description by a German settler, 1700
- Virginia: Status report by a planter, 1705
- Carolina: Views of an official and a settler, 1699, 1712
- Map: North America divided into its III principal parts, 1685

2.  Cities & Towns» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Boston, Massachusetts
- New York, New York
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Charleston, [South] Carolina

3.  Coming to America» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Europeans' journeys
- Africans' journeys

4.  New Settlers» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Irish in Pennsylvania: letter & journal, 1725, 1737-42
- French in Virginia: reports on a new settlement, early 1700s
- Germans and Swiss in North Carolina: letters and journals, 1710-11, 1752-53
- Scots-Irish in South Carolina: settler's memoir of 1734, written 1780
- Germans in Georgia: journals, 1734
- Maps and drawings of new settlements

5.  Servants & Slaves» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Indentured servants from Europe
- Slaves from Africa

6.  New Colonies» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Georgia, founded 1733
- Failed colonies, proposals and reports, 1698-1763
- Maps

7.  Indian Lands» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- On the taking of Indian lands, views of colonists, Indians, and the king, 1707-1765

8.  The Land» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- The animals, plants, and natural resources of British America, commentary and drawings, 1692-1760

9.  The Colonies: 1720-1763» Text Links / Note / Discussion Questions

- Massachusetts: A governor's perspective (1760-1763), late 1770s
- Pennsylvania: Poets' descriptions, mid 1700s
- Pennsylvania: An immigrant's overview, 1750
- Virginia: An Englishman's appraisal, 1724
- Carolinas & Georgia: A Q&A for potential settlers, 1750
- Maps




Images:
- 1690 map: Nicolas Sanson, Amerique Septentionale, Paris: 1690, detail. University of Alabama Library, W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library. Permission pending.
- 1768 map: Jean Baptiste Bourguinon d'Anville, A New and Accurate Map of North America, London: 1768. Birmingham, Alabama, Public Library, Rucker Agee Map Collection. Permission pending.



GROWTH
1. The Colonies: 1690-1715   2. Cities & Towns   3. Coming to America
4. New Settlers   5. Servants & Slaves   6. New Colonies
7. Indian Lands   8. The Land   9. The Colonies: 1720-1763








TOOLBOX: Becoming American: The British Atlantic Colonies, 1690-1763
Growth | Peoples | Economies | Ideas | American


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