NHC Home TeacherServe Divining America 19th Century Essay:
The Foreign Missionary Movement in the 19th and early 20th Centuries
by Daniel H. Bays
History Dept. and Asian Studies Program, Calvin College
Professor Emeritus, Dept. of History, The University of Kansas
©National Humanities Center

Works Cited (Secondary)

Bays, Daniel H., and Grant Wacker, eds. The Foreign Missionary Enterprise at Home: Explorations in North American Cultural History. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2003.

Beaver, R. Pierce. "Missionary Motivation through Three Centuries," in Jerald C. Brauer, ed., Reinterpretation in American Church History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.

Campbell, James T. Songs of Zion: The African Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States and South Africa. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Hutchinson, William R. "A Moral Equivalent for Imperialism," ch. 4 in Hutchinson, Errand to the World: American Protestant Thought and Foreign Missions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987.

Latourette, Kenneth Scott. A History of the Expansion of Christianity. New York, London, Harper & Brothers, 7 vols., 1937-45:
     IV.    The great century, A.D. 1800-A.D. 1914. Europe and the United States of America.
     V.    The great century in the Americas, Australasia, and Africa, A.D. 1800-A.D. 1914.
     VI.    The great century in Northern Africa and Asia, A.D. 1800-A.D. 1914.

Robert, Dana L. American Women in Mission: A Social History of Their Thought and Practice. Macon, Georgia: Mercer University Press, 1996.

____________. "From Missions to Mission to Beyond Missions: The Historiography of American Protestant Foreign Missions since World War II," in Harry S. Stout & D. G. Hart, eds., New Directions in American Religious History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Schlesinger, Arthur, Jr. "The Missionary Enterprise and Theories of Imperialism," in John King Fairbank, ed., The Missionary Enterprise in China and America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974.

Walls, Andrew F. "The American Dimension in the History of the Missionary Movement," in Joel A. Carpenter & Wilbert R. Shenk, eds., Earthen Vessels: American Evangelicals and Foreign Missions, 1880-1980. Grand Rapids, Michigan: W. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co., 1990. Reprinted in Andrew F. Walls, The Missionary Movement in Christian History: Studies in the Transmission of Faith. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books; Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1996.

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