NHC Home TeacherServe Nature Transformed Wilderness Essay:

The Puritan Origins of the American Wilderness Movement
J. Baird Callicott, University of North Texas
Priscilla Solis Ybarra, Rice University
©National Humanities Center

Illustration Credits
Description Repository, ID number, Other Information
Currier & Ives, "A Mountain Ramble," hand-colored lithograph, between 1840 and 1880. Library of Congress
Thomas Moran (1837-1926), Valley of Babbling Waters [southern Utah]; chromolithograph, L. Prang & Co., 1876. Library of Congress
Captain John Smith (1580-1631), "New England / The most remarqueable parts," [detail], from Historia Mundi, or Mercator's Atlas, London, 1635. Osher Map Library and Smith Center for Cartographic Education, University of Southern Maine, Portland
Thomas Morton, New English Canaan, 1637, title page. New English Canaan of Thomas Morton, New York: Burt Franklin, 1967, p. 107.
Reconstruction of Plimouth Plantation, no date. Plymouth Colony Archive Project at the University of Virginia
Henry David Thoreau, 1817-1862

Jone Johnson (digital image)
Jonathan Edwards, 1703-1758 R. B. Bailey (digital image)
Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1803-1882 RWE.org (digital image). The Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson. (Established: December 8, 1997; updated continuously). Description: RWE.org presents Ralph Waldo Emerson's Works, Essays, Books, Lectures, Addresses, Commentary, PalmPilot Readable Docs, Poems and Uncollected Prose. New York, NY: Jim Manley [jim@rwe.org], Web Designer/Author. Retrieved 02-25-01 from the World Wide Web: http://www.rwe.org.
Ralph Earl, Looking East from Denny Hill, 1800 [Leicester, Massachusetts]. Worcester Art Museum
Havasu Falls, Supai, Arizona. Full title: Bathers enjoy the Havasu Falls, owned by the National Park Service (though it is on the Havasupai reservation) this natural pool is used heavily by tourists. May 1972. National Archives / Environmental Protection Agency
John Winthrop (1587?-1649), marble statue by Richard S. Greenough, given by Massachusetts to the National Statuary Hall Collection in 1876, on display in the Hall of Columns, the U.S. Capitol, Washington, DC. Architect of the [U.S.] Capitol
Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant), Mohawk chief, 1774; drawing after a painting by Romney. National Archives
Magalloway River below Aziscohos Dam in the mountains of western Maine, northwest of Lewiston, June 1973 [image with rapids]. National Archives / Environmental Protection Agency
Magalloway River River below Aziscohos Dam in the mountains of western Maine, northwest of Lewiston, June 1973 [image with flock of birds]. National Archives / Environmental Protection Agency
Pilgrim Tercentenary Pageant, Plymouth, Massachusetts, 1921 (section of panoramic photograph). Library of Congress, Panoramic Photographs Collection,
PAN SUBJECT - Events, no. 90 (E size) {P&P]
View from Waterrock Knob, Blue Ridge Parkway, North Carolina, no date; photo entitled "Waterrock Sunset." National Park Service

Return to essay!

TeacherServe Home Page
National Humanities Center
7 Alexander Drive, P.O. Box 12256
Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709
Phone: (919) 549-0661   Fax: (919) 990-8535
Revised: July 2001