NHC Home TeacherServe Nature Transformed Native Americans Essay:

The Effects of Removal on American Indian Tribes
Clara Sue Kidwell, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
©National Humanities Center

Bibliography and Works Cited

Abel, Annie Heloise. Events Leading to the Consolidation of American Indian Tribes West of the Mississippi River, Annual Report of the American Historical Association, 1906.

Campbell, Thomas. N. "Medicinal Plants Used by Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Creek Indians in the Early Nineteenth Century," Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 41, no. 9 (1951), 285-90.

Crane, Verner. The Southern Frontier, 1670-1732. New York: W. W. Norton, 1981.

Debo, Angie. Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1934.

Evarts, Jeremiah. Cherokee Removal: The "William Penn" Essays and Other Writings (edited and with an introd. by Francis Paul Prucha). Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1981.

Foreman, Grant. Advancing the Frontier. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1933.

_________. Indians and Pioneers: The Story of the American Southwest before 1830, rev. ed. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1936.

_________. Indian Removal: The Emigration of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indians. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1972.

Gatschet, Albert S. A Migration Legend of the Creek Indians. Philadelphia: D. G. Brinton, 1884 (New York: Kraus Reprint Co., 1969).

Gibson, Arrell Morgan. The Chickasaws. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971.

Lafferty, R. A. Okla Hannali. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1972.

McLoughlin, William G. After the Trail of Tears: The Cherokees' Struggle for Sovereignty 1839-1880. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1993.

Nuttall, Thomas. A Journal of Travels into the Arkansas Territory during the Year 1819, ed. Savoie Lottinville. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980. pp. 21, 36-39, 84-5, 89, 103.

Schermerhorn, John F. "Report Respecting the Indians Inhabiting the Western Parts of the United States," Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 24 Series, Vol. II (1814), 1-45.

Schultz, George A. An Indian Canaan: Isaac McCoy and the Vision of an Indian State. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1972.

Thornton, Russell. The Cherokees: A Population History. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.

White, Richard. Roots of Dependency; Subsistence, Environment, and Social Change among the Choctaws, Pawnees and Navajos. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983.

Wright, J. Leitch, Jr. Creeks and Seminoles: Destruction and Regeneration of the Muscogulge People. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1986.

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