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New York: Holmes & Meier, 1994.
Cohen, Naomi W. Encounter with Emancipation: The German Jews in the United States, 1830-1914. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1984.
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People in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.
Faber, Eli. A Time for Planting: The First Migration, 1654-1820. Vol. 1 of The Jewish People
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Marcus, Jacob Racer. The Colonial American Jew: 1492-1776. Detroit: Wayne State University
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Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Sussman, Lance J. Isaac Leeser and the Making of American Judaism. Detroit: Wayne State
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Zola, Gary P. Isaac Harby of Charleston, 1788-1829: Jewish Reformer and Intellectual.
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to "The American Jewish Experience through the Nineteenth Century: Immigration and Acculturation."
Revised: October 2000